Today is Makar Sankranti and we Hindus worship Sun God as source of energy or life on Earth. It is also a harvest festival.
Sun was worshiped across the globe during ancient time.
Ancient Roman worshipped Sol or Sol Indiges. Sol in Sanskrit means Surya, in Greek it’s Helios, in Latin/Italian it’s Sol, in French it’s soleil, in Germany it’s cognate etc from Mithraic/Mithras/Mitra (all again referring to Sun) civilisation. Unfortunately, they have been referred as sun-cult or enigmatic cult or Mithraic mysteries or pagan…instead of accepting the factual ancient civilisation where most worshiped the Sun god. Hindus have continued the practice of worshiping sun god till date to mark this celebration on 14th day of every January as Makar Sankranti.
On Same Day – Festivities @ Different countries/ parts
Happy Makara Sankranti -_(AP , Karnataka, Kerala, Goa, Maharashtra)
Happy Pongal –(TN & Pondicherry)
Happy Lohri –(Punjab & Haryana)
Sakraat & Makraat — (Bihar, UP, Uttarakhand)
Happy Uttarayan — (Gujarat, Diu, Daman)
Happy Suggi — (Karnataka)
Happy Magh Saaji –(HP)
Happy Ghughuti –(Kumaon)
Happy Makara Chaula -(Odhisha)
Happy Kicheri —(Poorvanchal East UP)
Happy Pousha Sankranti — (Bengal & NE)
Happy Magh Bihu –(Assam & NE)
Happy Shishur Sankraat –(Kashmir )
Happy Makara Vilakku — (Like)
Happy Maaghe Sankrant — Nepal
Happy Tirmoori — Sindh Pakistan
Happy Songkran — Thailand
Happy Pi Ms Lao — Laos
Happy Thingyan –Myanmar
Happy Mohan Songkran — Cambodia
Here is the relevance and rational behind of Makar Sankrati in our traditions.